Fuding is a small town in the northeast of Fujian province, China. This place is considered as a birthplace of white tea. The Nanguang Tea Garden is located west of Taimu Mountain, about 40 km south of the city of Fuding. An elevation is 600 to 900 meters. High altitude, unique climate and chemistry of soil makes the perfect conditions for growing highest quality tea.
The real Bai Hao Yin Zhen refers to the highest grade of white tea made from a special local cultivar Fuding Da Bai (Big White). The leaves are harvested between March 15 and April 10, on days when the weather is clear. Pure buds are picked (gently pinched off) only when they are fully swollen and ready to open. A beautiful, very clearly defined shape of a swollen bud, completely covered with a silvery pile, for which the tea is called 'Silver Needle with White Pile'. The buds of Fuding Da Bai are covered with white pile with a density almost three times higher than other varieties or cultivars of tea. This is what makes Fuding white tea unique, creating a special aromatic melody. Studies have shown that the content of amino acids, as well as aspartic and glutamic acids in tea bud hairs is significantly higher than in the leaf itself. In China, this form is considered as one of the tea jewels. Tea lovers describe Bai Hao Yin Zheng as "white as a cloud, green as a dream, pure as snow, fragrant as an orchid."